MicroPython on Bluefruit NRF52832 with J-Link and openocd

First of all, lets flash Adafruit’s NRF52 bootloader for easier future flashing

My J-Link was “Broken. No longer used” - or so the JLink tools said (AKA bought from e-bay). So I had to go to openocd).

Connect the J-Link (or any SWD capable debugger supported by openocd - even an FT232 breakout will do) to the target - I have a Bluefruit by Adafruit.

git clone https://github.com/adafruit/Adafruit_nRF52_Bootloader
cd Adafruit_nRF52_Bootloader

make BOARD=feather_nrf52832 all
FIRMWARE=lib/softdevice/s132_nrf52_6.1.1/s132_nrf52_6.1.1_softdevice.hex

sudo openocd -f board/nordic_nrf52_dk.cfg -c init -c "reset init" -c halt -c "nrf5 mass_erase" -c "program $FIRMWARE verify" -c reset -c exit

FIRMWARE=_build/build-feather_nrf52832/feather_nrf52832_bootloader-0.3.2-28-g79a6a0c-nosd.hex

sudo openocd -f board/nordic_nrf52_dk.cfg -c init -c "reset init" -c halt -c "program $FIRMWARE verify" -c reset -c exit

NOTE: nrf5 command was missing from my package manager’s openocd and I needed to install the git version!

Now the bootloader should be flash and we’re able to flash over serial from now on! Lets flash micropython (I advise not flashing master but a stable tag)

git clone https://github.com/micropython/micropython
cd micropython/ports/nrf

./drivers/bluetooth/download_ble_stack.sh
make BOARD=feather52 SD=s132 FROZEN_MPY_DIR=freeze all

pip install --user adafruit-nrfutil

adafruit-nrfutil dfu genpkg --dev-type 0x0052 --application build-feather52-s132/firmware.hex firmware.zip
adafruit-nrfutil dfu serial --package firmware.zip -p /dev/ttyUSB0 -b 115200

Done!

dzervas nrf> miniterm.py --raw /dev/ttyUSB0 115200
--- Miniterm on /dev/ttyUSB0  115200,8,N,1 ---
--- Quit: Ctrl+] | Menu: Ctrl+T | Help: Ctrl+T followed by Ctrl+H ---
MicroPython v1.12-dirty on 2020-04-23; Bluefruit nRF52 Feather with NRF52832
Type "help()" for more information.
>>>

If you want to play with other kind of firmware (Rust/C/whatever) and you have to flash ELF or hex files, here is a little helper (put it on your .bashrc or .zshrc):

function adafruit-nrfutil-hex() {
	port=${1}
	file=${2}

	if [ "$#" -ne 2 ]; then
		echo "Usage: $0 <port> <hex_file>"
		return 1
	fi

	if [ "$(file "${file}" | cut -d' ' -f 2)" = "ELF" ]; then
		echo "[+] Converting ELF file to hex"
		objcopy -O ihex "${file}" "${file}.hex"
 		file="${file}.hex"
	fi

	echo "[+] Generating package"
	adafruit-nrfutil dfu genpkg --dev-type 0x0052 --application "${file}" "${file}.zip"
	echo "[+] Flashing package over UART"
	adafruit-nrfutil --verbose dfu serial --package "${file}.zip" --port "${port}" --baudrate 115200 --singlebank --touch 1200
}